PLEASE READ BEFORE INSTALLING
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE OWNER / INSTALLER
handle, transport, and unload the flooring with care.
Flooring should be stored in a dry place, with at least a
four-inch air space under cartons.
Flooring should not be delivered until the building has been
closed in with windows and doors in place, and until cement work,
plastering, painting, and all other materials are thoroughly dry.
flooring for at least 48 hours (preferably 3-4 days) prior to
addition, the heating or cooling system should be operating and
controlled at 55°–70°
for at least 48 hours before, during and maintained after installing.
Do not install in areas that are subject to extreme seasonal
temperature changes where you cannot control the temperature.
Moisture Test: Before installing over concrete or a wooden sub-floor, check it for moisture in several areas using a Delmhorst J-4 equivalent or any qualified commercial moisture meter. You may also test concrete floors using the calcium chloride test. Also test the flooring materials. The moisture difference between the sub-floor and the bamboo flooring must be no more than 4%.
flooring should be acclimated in opened
cartons in the environment in which it will be installed to allow for
proper installation and "marriage" with the sub-floor.
If you do not have an accurate moisture meter, unpack and stack
flooring, letting it acclimate in the room in which it will be installed
for at least 10 days. Due
to the many different types of radiant heat floors, we do not recommend
installing over this type of substrate.
Before installation, lay out the flooring where it is to be installed (that is, lay the boards down roughly as they will appear after installation), taking care to mix it in a color pattern pleasing to your eye. Installer should inspect each plank at this time for finish and quality. Usually you will want to orientate the boards with the major source of light (windows) so that light is shining down the length of the boards. Remember that all natural flooring comes in a range of colors and shades. Our quality control procedures at the factory ensure that very few, if any defective boards are delivered to the consumer. Remove baseboards and undercut door jambs to insure a quality installation.
Bamboo flooring is recommended for on or above grade installation only. Bamboo flooring should not be installed in wet areas such as bathrooms (with tub/shower) or mud rooms.
CRAWL SPACE VENTILATION
air circulation is important to prevent moisture build up, especially in
homes with a crawl space. Vents
should be open year round. Check to make sure that there is no standing
water or moisture at the soil level.
If moisture is present, soil should be covered with 6 mil
polyethylene to prevent moisture from migrating into the wood flooring.
sub-floors must be on or above grade & structurally sound.
Bamboo flooring can be installed over the following sub-floors:
Existing wood floors
- Plywood (¾” thick)
- Oriented Strand Board (OSB- at least ¾” thick)
- Concrete floors (Floating system or direct glue)
Due to differences in the many types of radiant heat flooring, we do not recommend installing over radiant heat floors.
sub-floor must be structurally sound and checked for moisture content.
Movement and squeaks should be well fastened with ring nails or screws
to the floor joists. The sub-floor must be clean and free of paint, wax,
oil, and other debris. In addition it must be flat and level within
3/16” inside a 10’ radius. High
spots must be sanded flat and low spots must be filled with a leveling
compound recommended by your dealer. On old or uneven wood floors, apply
1/4”- 1/2” plywood and ring nail or screw every 6” to avoid
NOT INSTALL DIRECTLY OVER PARTICLE BOARD, WAFERBOARD, PRESSED WOOD, OR
FIBER BOARD, except when installing as a floating floor or
installed with an adhesive system.
FOR CREATING A RANDOM EFFECT
avoid creating a joint pattern in the floor, it is necessary to begin
installation using starter boards. To create a starter board, cut the
board at 2/3 the length. Start
with the 2/3 length, and then install the full lengths and continue
across the room. Use the 1/3 length to start the next row and continue
as above keeping at least a 6” distance between the end joints. Cuts
made at the opposite wall should be used for starter boards.
If necessary, use the pull straps at 3 ft. intervals to hold the
planks firmly together. Be
sure to allow at least a 1/4” expansion gap around perimeter.
If you are installing unfinished flooring, solvent-based polyurethane provides a durable finish. One sealer coat followed by buffing will give the floor a smooth finish. Then add 2 top coats. Using water-based polyurethane will minimize odor during installation. Add a fourth coat for heavily trafficked areas. Solid bamboo flooring may be refinished several times, and always consult a professional refinishing company for best results.
FOR ADHESIVE INSTALLATION
There are many suitable adhesives that may be used, if you are not a professional installer, consult with your local flooring dealer for recommendations for the proper adhesive for hardwood installation. Do not use water-based adhesives. Roll the flooring with a 75 -150 lb. roller to ensure adhesive transfer to back of bamboo planks. Be sure to clean up any adhesive on the surface immediately, as once it dries, it may be very difficult to remove. Always follow manufacturers’ instructions using their suggested adhesive and installation instructions for their adhesive warranty to be in effect.
FOR NAIL/STAPLE INSTALLATION
you are not a professional flooring installer, you will need to rent a
special nailer for hardwood flooring.
This tool will allow you to nail/staple the floor so that they
will not show on the finished floor.
Be sure to learn how to adjust the nailer so as not to damage the
tongue. Also, be sure that
the nailer is designed for or has an attachment for 5/8” flooring.
You will need to use 1 1/2" nails/staples for this
application. Nails/staples should be placed about 6 – 8 inches apart,
and not closer than 3 inches from the end of the plank. The first and
last rows will generally need to be nailed by hand next to the wall, as
the nailer will not work in these areas.
Pre-drill for 6d finish nails, counter sink, and fill the nail
holes with matching putty. Be
sure not to place nails too close to the edge of planks so as to prevent
splitting. Generally it is
not necessary to use a moisture barrier over wood sub-floors.
If you prefer, you can use roofing felt as with any hardwood
flooring. Remember to
leave at least 1/4" expansion gap around the perimeter.
FLOATING INSTALLATION SYSTEM (Professional installers only)
it is possible to install T&G flooring as a floating floor, it
is not recommended unless the installer has extensive experience
floating T&G flooring.
Bare concrete floors require a moisture barrier of at least 6 mil
polyethylene film with the sheets overlapping 6” and taped to prevent
moisture migrating to the wood flooring. Use 1/8”
foam padding over the moisture barrier as recommended by your dealer.
You can also install over sound deadening underlayments with this
method. Apply a bead
of elasticized PVA glue
you do not know which PVA glue – you cannot install by this method) as
recommended by your dealer, inside the groove on both the long and short
side of the boards that will be joined to the existing boards. Use a
tapping block if necessary to gently tap the boards into place, and then
use installation straps if necessary, every 3 feet to ensure a tight
fit. A tapping block can be
made with a 6” piece of scrap bamboo flooring.
Remember to allow at least 1/4” for expansion around the
perimeter walls. Do not tap on the tongue or groove directly, as you
will damage the floor. Be
sure to remove all excess glue as quickly as possible, as once it dries
it may be more difficult to remove.
FINISHING THE JOB
Inspect your work, as it will cost you more if you have to come back to do a repair later. Replace original baseboards, or install matching bamboo baseboard. Install matching transitions as needed or recommended by your dealer. It is not recommended or necessary to seal this floor after installation.
Tips for a Successful Installation
Read all instructions first: Get all your questions answered
before you start installing the floor.
Amount of flooring needed: Buy enough flooring to equal at least
105% of the square footage of your room, for waste allowance.
Before installing, open
all boxes and let
flooring sit in room for 3 to 4 days to acclimate to temperature and
moisture. Run air conditioning or heat, as it will be in normal living
Be aware of moisture problems: Moisture can ruin any floor.
Always look out for potential moisture problems, especially in basements
and crawl spaces.
Checking for moisture: Use a Delmhorst J-4 equivalent or any
qualified commercial moisture meter.
The moisture difference between the wood sub-floor and the bamboo
flooring must be no more than 4%.
Dealing with moisture before installation: If you have or suspect
moisture problems, don’t install your floor yet.
Contact a professional flooring installer to improve sub-floor to
an acceptable level of moisture.
To ensure a clean cut without any splintering, tape the area to
be cut and/or use a fine-toothed circular saw with a carbide blade.
Generally this is not necessary.
Place all nails/staples at 6 – 8 inch intervals along the
tongue of the boards
Room/entryway preparation: Undercut door casings are much better
than trying to scribe the flooring to fit there.
Leave expansion gaps: Leave a ¼” – ½” space at each wall,
beneath door jambs, and at transitions for expansion of flooring.
Base molding and transitions will cover this gap.
11. Tapping block: You can use a trimmed piece of flooring for this, or buy a pre-made tapping block. NEVER HIT FLOORING DIRECTLY AND BE CAREFUL NOT TO FRACTURE FLOOR EDGES.
Bending or bowing of the boards
in length direction.
These boards might be a little harder to install, but will NOT be a
problem after they are installed, or in the future.
They will lay flat like the others.
2) Color Variations may occur as bamboo is a natural product like oak and other hardwoods.
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